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Apache配置虚拟目录和多主机头

日期:2016-09-21 阅读:682 分类:学无止境 标签:Apache 

呃,相当古老的话题了,不过网上的资料实在是太坑爹,无奈只能自己动手做个备忘了。。。这里不提虚拟目录和主机头的区别了,不懂得童鞋去面壁思过吧

多个虚拟目录

首先把Apache安装到D:\Program Files\Apache2.2目录下,端口号设置为8080,安装完成后默认的网站根目录为D:\Program Files\Apache2.2\htdocs,通常我们可以在htdocs下面建立个文件夹MySite,然后在浏览器输入:http://localhost:8080/MySite 这样就可以看到我们自己的站点了。然而有时我们想把站点放到其它目录下面,这时就需要配置虚拟目录了。比如我们在D盘建立如下文件夹D:\Code\WebSite,然后通过http://localhost:8080/DemoSite来访问这个站点

打开httpd.conf文件,搜索节点,然后在节点内输入以下内容:

#下面是虚拟目录声明格式
#Alias用来定义虚拟目录及虚拟目录路径,其中虚拟目录名称用于URL访问的路径别名,可以和虚拟目录名称不同
#节点用于定义目录的访问权限等
#
#Alias 虚拟目录名称 虚拟目录路径
#
#   Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
#   AllowOverride All
#   Order allow,deny
#   Allow from all
#

#下面是具体的示例,/DemoSite是目录别名 "D:/Code/WebSite"是虚拟目录的实际路径
Alias /DemoSite "D:/Code/WebSite"
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all


重启Apache服务后,在浏览器输入http://localhost:8080/DemoSite就可以正常访问了

这里需要注意下目录尽量使用"/",而不是使用"\",原因就是"\"代表转义符有些情况下会导致莫名奇妙的错误,下面附上完整的节点以供参考


#
# Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
# exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
# will make a new request for the document at its new location.
# Example:
# Redirect permanent /foo http://localhost/bar
#
# Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
# access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
# Example:
# Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
#
# If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
# require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
# need to provide a  section to allow access to
# the filesystem path.
#
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
# documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
# client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
# directives as to Alias.
#
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "D:/Program Files/Apache2.2/cgi-bin/"

Alias /DemoSite "D:/Code/WebSite"

    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all


多主机头绑定

(就是在一个端口上绑定多个域名,然后每个域名可以指向不同的目录进行访问,主机头是IIS里面的说法),打开httpd.conf文件,在文件最后添加如下内容

#多主机头配置无需放在特定的节点下面,一般直接在配置文件底部添加即可
#NameVirtualHost addr[:port] 为一个基于域名的虚拟主机指定一个IP地址(和端口)
#声明主机头必须加这条指令,否者主机头配置不会生效
#VirtualHost节点下面ServerName就是要绑定的域名,DocumentRoot表示此域名指向的目录
#本机测试的话请在hosts中进行域名绑定如 127.0.0.1  www.mysite1.com

NameVirtualHost *:8080
    ServerName www.mysite1.com
    DocumentRoot "D:\Program Files\Apache2.2\htdocs"

    ServerName www.mysite2.com
    DocumentRoot "D:\Code\MySite"


配置好后,重启apache服务,浏览器输入www.mysite1.com:8080,就会自动定向到D:\Program Files\Apache2.2\htdocs站点了

输入www.mysite2.com:8080就会自动定向到D:\Code\MySite站点,如此就可以实现在一个服务器上同时运行多个站点

原文转自懒惰的肥兔http://www.cnblogs.com/lzrabbit/archive/2013/03/05/2944804.html